Hello my sunshine!
Now let me begin my journey here. First, let me introduce my host school which is the school where I will teach in Thailand. The name of the school is Anuban Lampang School, located in Wiang Nuea, Mueang Lampang District, Lampang Province 52000. Basic education in Thailand is divided into three levels: pre-primary, primary, and secondary, and this school is a school for primary school levels, but within the school environment, there are two levels of basic education is kindergarten in Thai are read anuban (Thai: อนุบาล); and elementary school in Thai are read prathom (Thai: ประถม) with grades P1-6.
Let us know more about this school. This school was originally named Lampang Kindergarten (Khelangrat Anusorn). Lampang Kindergarten opened for teaching from 1 July 1953. The first course was opened with 27 students, 1 teacher is Miss Risook Suksing. Later received additional land donations From Colonel Special Phet Phetkiriri, Si Songkhram and Chao Wichian at Lampang, for a total of 19,016 square meters at Wiang Nuea Subdistrict Mueang Lampang District, Lampang Province, and for the dedication of the “Na Lampang” family, the school has named the school “Lampang Kindergarten (Khelangrat Anuson)”. The school is now known as Anuban Lampang School, that already being World-Class Standard School in entire Thailand.
The profile of this school which consists of identity, vision, mission and principles are as follows.
Academic excellence Technology
Governance based on good governance. Innovative technology brings international standards. On the philosophy of Sufficiency Economy
Develop students to meet quality standards.
Develop students to use the English language skills.
Improve technology skills.
Encourage teachers to be developed into professional teachers.
Encourage the community to participate in education.
Promote learning and use technology.
Provide a learning environment.
Parents are involved in educational management
Academic Support System
This school has a system that controls the main school activities to support the Anuban Lampang School system, which is divided into 4 parts of the support system, namely:
- Academic Administration
- Budget Management
- Human Resource Management
- General Administration
And there were 3 programs that include in the school system:
- Mini English Program
- Gifted Math
- Smart Science
The Teaching System
The school schedule at Anuban Lampang School is five days, from Monday to Friday. Every day the students go to the main building courtyard for the flag ceremony. Students set off to school at 07.30 am followed by a flag ceremony that began at 08:00 am and classes start at 08.30 am and school ends at 4:00 pm.
The teaching system at this school is very good especially for the (Mini English Program) MEP class. In the MEP program there are two teachers in each class but for kindergarten there are three teachers (Thai teachers, assistant teachers and foreign teachers). In each class there is one Thai teacher and one foreign teacher. For each class consists of 25-30 students. Each class must study for 1 year. Each year is divided into two semesters and every six-month semester where the exam is held after completion of teaching.
All basic lessons that are required to be taught to students in Thailand will be taught by Thai teachers while foreign teachers will teach specifically the subjects of mathematics, science, art, health, ECD, and English of course using English. This program is very good because in my opinion it is very effective in teaching English especially for certain learning subjects such as science because English used in daily life and English for science are very different. This can create a real English environment around students. But students do not need to worry if they feel they have not mastered English or do not understand and cannot follow the learning to use English properly because if students cannot understand what is taught by foreign teachers, Thai teachers will help them, at that time, or maybe they can conduct additional classes (at the end of school time) to explain again what they are learning.
In addition, every day, students must memorize and learn about spelling and grammar. They must understand about 10 words every day, then the teacher will check and make sure they spell correctly. The teachers are quite strict with the rules when teaching. For example, students may not speak Thai when foreign teachers teach. If they break the rules, students will get sanctions and sanctions in each class vary according to the agreement of the teacher and students. However there are exceptions for Thai subjects. They can speak as much as they can in Thai during Thai subjects.
The strategies they use for learning are as follows.
- Class-based strategies – Monitor learning needs
- Strategies after class – Guidance for learning skills
- Teaching and Learning Strategies – Problem based learning
- Holiday-break strategy – Summer Program
- Outside School Strategy – Reading program & field trips.
Material and Other Learning Sources
The material I teach is science. For science subjects study material from standard Workbooks & Textbooks. For subjects generally the same, There are two books as teaching materials such as textbooks, exercise books or workbooks.
However, my foreign teacher – Teacher Vin also uses vocabulary books, where this book has vocabulary in every subject that uses English namely mathematics, science, art, health, ECD, and English. This book will be carried by each student and done as a homework assignment by students by translating the meaning of words in Thai and rewriting the vocabulary. In addition, because the subjects I teach are science in certain conditions, it is necessary to explain more than those in the Workbook & Textbook, so Teacher Vin said that he must use videos that support YouTube, object models, simple experiment kits and each semester will invite students to do learning outside the classroom. The school also provides a set of projectors, LCD, printers and internet for each class. It’s easy for teachers to find more material on the internet and show it through a projector. In addition, the School also provides a microphone to help teachers make their voices twice as loud.
Measurement and Evaluation System
The measurement and evaluation system used in Anuban Lampang School is divided into two evaluations: the first is the midterm test, and the final semester test. Usually the test will be done in the first week of October. and the final exam will be in the first week of March. The test questionnaire will be sent by the teacher to the principal or department head, a week before the actual exam. In Thailand, there is actually a national evaluation system for basic education. Students must take a number of standardized tests. At the national level, the National Institute of Educational Testing Services (NIETS) conducts the Regular National Education Test (O-NET) tests in the 6th, 9th and 12th grades, and the National Test (NT) in the 3rd and 6th grades. Locally, there are tests which are part of the local assessment system (LAS) in the 2nd, 5th, and 8th grades. For subjects assessed at O-NET it consists of 8 assessed fields namely Thai language, mathematics, science, foreign languages, social studies, religion and culture, art, health and physical education and career and technology.
In Anuban Lampang the grading system for each grade level consists of 70-80% homework, workbooks, projects, seat works, recitation, participation and etc. and 20-30% from the final test. So the student’s assessment for class advancement will all be summarized in many evaluations and add to the final evaluation in the big exam scores.
The curriculum they use at Anuban Lampang School is to follow the Thai curriculum as the main curriculum for the academic system there. However, they also added several additional international curricula for some special programs in schools.
The Basic Education curriculum in Thailand aims to develop students to be balanced intellectually, morally and socially. It fosters attitudes and values regarding Thai citizenship while at the same time promoting international or global awareness. It upholds democratic principles and democratic government regimes with the King as Head of State. This equips students with the basic knowledge and basic skills needed to continue their education and career. In this curriculum, knowledge and skills have been grouped into eight fields of study: Thai language, mathematics, science, social studies, career and technology, arts, foreign languages, and health and physical education. Activities that focus on responding to students’ special interests are also included. At the basic level, the curriculum is designed up to but not exceeding 1,000 hours / year. In the general flow of basic education, career and technology related education is offered to school children both at the primary level to provide them with work experience and basic knowledge for career preparation and application of technology.
The objectives of each subject are adjusted based on the general objectives of the Thai curriculum. To find out more about this, here is the link to the Thai curriculum.
Based on my observations, so that learning activities can run regularly to meet the objectives of the curriculum, the teacher will make a learning plan. The learning plan is made so that the teacher can prepare all the needs needed for the preparation of teaching so that the teacher has a reference in providing material to students. I found that the lesson plans were all written in English. The learning plan looks quite simple with several aspects in it. These aspects consist of; (1) Learning Standard and Indicator; (2) Learning Objectives; (3) Concept; (4) Contents; (5) Capability Goal; (6) Desirable Characteristics; (7) Economy / Disaster Sufficiency; (8) ICT; (9) Task / Assignment (10) Activity Procedure (11) Teaching Aids / Learning Source (12) Measurement and Evaluation. The first and seventh points are points determined from the curriculum and books. The third and fourth points are about the topic or material to be taught, while the teacher must write the lesson objectives or what students must get at the end of the lesson in the second point. The sixth point is about implementing values and characteristics that can be developed for students. The eighth and eleventh points are tools and materials that will be used by the teacher. The ninth point is a task or reflection that can be given to students as a guide or guide for further material. Tenth point is the expectation of learning steps that will take place in class. And the last point is the assessment that will be carried out by the teacher. Actually the teaching plan is not too short and detailed enough to explain the teaching procedure. This is because the instructor’s steps contain only the most important things that can be used as directions in the learning process such as giving stimuli to students by asking questions to students, interacting and giving assessments that will be given to students.
Below is an example of a Learning Plan that my mentor gave.
Below is an example of a Learning Plan that I have created.